Blackheads is a prevalent skin condition that mainly affects your face, neck, back, and chest. There are a variety of causes, including too much oil on your skin and hair follicle irritation. Blackheads commonly affect adolescents, but they can occur at any age.
What is Blackheads
Black Heads are a type of acne (acne vulgaris). They’re open bumps on the skin that fill with excess oil and dead skin. They look like dirt in the bump, but an irregular light reflection off the clogged follicle causes the dark spots.
Black Heads aren’t pimples. Pimples are small, painful, discolored bumps with a thick, white-yellow fluid (pus) at the tip.
How common is this condition?
Blackheads are very common. Some researchers suggest that Blackheads affect nearly everyone during their lives. They’re most common among adolescents, but up to 10% to 20% of adults have Blackheads too.
How do Blackheads affect my body?
Blackhead mostly affect your face (especially your nose and chin, sometimes your cheeks), neck, back, and the chest is most likely to develop Black Heads. However, oil (sebaceous) glands are all over your body. They release an oily lubricant called sebum that helps keep your skin and hair hydrated and shiny. As a result, though it isn’t common, Black Heads sometimes appear on your butt, thighs, ears, and armpits.
Black Heads don’t seriously affect your physical health, but they can affect you psycho socially (how society and social groups affect your mind) and psychologically (your self-perception and behavior). Blackhead can cause anxiety, depression, mood disorders, and suicidal thoughts.
What are the symptoms of Blackheads?
Black Heads is a milder form of acne. Dark, open bumps in your skin are the main symptoms of Blackhead. They don’t hurt or feel uncomfortable like whiteheads.
What causes Blackheads?
Sebaceous glands are located all over your body, most connecting to hair follicles. Blackhead and whiteheads are comediennes (singular come-do). BlackHead are open comediennes, and whiteheads are closed comediennes. Comediennes occur when a hair follicle/sebaceous gland becomes inflamed. Inflammation can occur as a result of the following:
- Increased sebum (oily material produced by the sebaceous gland) production.
- Abnormal formation of keratin (the protein that helps make your hair, skin, and nails).
- Increased hormones (androgen).
- An increased presence of bacteria on the skin causes acne.
Are Blackheads contagious?
Blackhead aren’t contagious. You can’t spread Blackhead to another person through skin-to-skin contact.
How are Blackheads diagnosed?
Black Heads are easy to recognize, so you don’t necessarily need a healthcare professional to diagnose them. Instead, see a dermatologist for treatment if you have Blackhead and other severe forms of acne. Dermatologists specialize in conditions that affect your skin, hair, and nails.
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How are Blackheads treated?
Nonprescription medications can treat Blackhead. These may include:
- Salicylic acid is available over the counter as a cleanser or lotion for blackhead. It helps remove the top layer of damaged skin. Salicylic acid dissolves dead skin cells to prevent your hair follicles from clogging.
- Azelaic acid: Barley, wheat, rye, and other grains naturally contain azelaic acid. It kills microorganisms on your skin and reduces swelling.
- Benzoyl peroxide is an over-the-counter product (such as Clearasil®, Stridex®, and PanOxyl®) as a leave-on gel or wash. It targets surface bacteria, which often aggravates acne. Lower concentrations and wash formulations are less irritating to your skin. Irritation (dryness) is a common side effect.
- Retinoids (vitamin A derivatives): Retinoids, such as Retin-A®, Tazorac®, and Differin® (now available without a prescription), break up black and whiteheads and help to prevent clogged pores. You may notice a change in skin color or peeling. Using retinoids every other day or using them simultaneously as a moisturizer can reduce these side effects.
If your Black Heads don’t go away with nonprescription medications, your healthcare provider may recommend:
- Prescription-strength retinoids: Prescription-strength retinoids are stronger than nonprescription retinoids.
- Oral antibiotics: Oral antibiotics reduce the bacteria that cause Blackhead.
- Microdermabrasion: A dermatologist uses a specialized instrument to “sand” your skin. Removing the top layers of your skin frees the clogs that cause Blackhead.
- Chemical peels: Chemical peels use a mild chemical solution to remove layers of skin and reduce Black Heads.
- Laser skin resurfacing: Laser skin resurfacing directs short, concentrated, pulsating light beams at your Black Heads. The light beams reduce the amount of oil that your sebaceous glands produce.
Are there any home remedies for Blackheads?
There are a few home remedies that may help treat Blackhead:
- Tea tree oil: Tea tree oil can prevent or stop the growth of bacteria. Apply a little tea tree oil to a cotton applicator and rub it on your Blackhead.
- Sugar or salt scrubs: Sugar and salt scrubs scratch away (exfoliate) dead cells on the surface of your skin. Wet your face, apply a salt or sugar scrub to your affected areas, and massage your skin in small, circular motions for up to 30 seconds. Rinse your face with water when you’re finished.
- Green tea: Wet green tea leaves can help reduce oil production in your skin. Green tea is also an antioxidant. Mix dry green tea leaves with water and massage the wet leaves into your skin in small, circular motions for up to 30 seconds. Rinse your face with water when you’re finished.
Do Blackheads go away on their own?
Blackhead can sometimes go away on their own — it depends on how deep are in your skin. If a blackhead is close to the surface of your skin, it’s more likely to go away on its own. However, some Blackheads can be deeply embedded in your skin. Deep, embedded Blackheads are less likely to go away on their own. If you have embedded Blackheads, a dermatologist or medical aesthetician can remove them.
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How do you prevent It?
Preventing Blackheads is difficult, if not impossible, during regular hormonal changes. But some things can help:
- Wash your face daily with warm water and a mild facial cleanser.
- Routinely use moisturizer.
- You don’t have to stop using makeup, but try to use “non-comedienne” products and remove makeup at the end of each day.
- Keep your hands away from your face.
Blackhead are common skin conditions caused by too much oil on the skin, causing anxiety, depression, mood disorders, and suicidal thoughts. Treatment includes salicylic acid, azelaic acid, Benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, oral antibiotics, microdermabrasion, chemical peels, and laser skin resurfacing. To prevent Blackheads from going away, use moisturizer, and non-comedogenic products, and keep hands away from the face.