High Blood Pressure: A Comprehensive Guide

High blood pressure

High blood pressure (also referred to as HBP or hypertension) is when your blood pressure, the force of blood flowing through your blood vessels, is consistently too high. Blood pressure numbers under 120/80 mm Hg are considered within the normal range. You have prehypertension if your blood pressure is between 120/80 mmHg and 139/89 mmHg. Changing what you eat, exercising more, and taking medicine can help you keep your blood pressure where it should be. Everyone should be encouraged to make lifestyle modifications to prevent high blood pressure, such as eating a healthier diet, quitting smoking, and exercising more. If left untreated, high blood pressure can lead to health problems, such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, vision loss, and more, according to the American Heart Association (AHA). It pumps low-oxygen blood towards the lungs through the venous ‘pipeline’ (veins), where it receives a fresh oxygen supply.

Signs and Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is a common condition that affects the body’s arteries. It’s also called hypertension. One of the most dangerous things about hypertension – or high blood pressure – is that you may not know you have it. Arteries carry blood from your heart to other parts of your body. People with high blood pressure will experience symptoms like nervousness, sweating, difficulty sleeping, or facial flushing.

People with very high blood pressure (usually 180/120 or higher) can experience symptoms including:

  1. severe headaches
  2. chest pain
  3. dizziness
  4. difficulty breathing
  5. nausea
  6. vomiting
  7. blurred vision or other vision changes
  8. anxiety
  9. confusion
  10. buzzing in the ears
  11. nosebleeds
  12. abnormal heart rhythm

Causes and Risk Factors of High Blood Pressure

The more you weigh, the more blood flow you need to supply oxygen and nutrients to your tissues. Many factors raise your risk of high blood pressure. Some risk factors, such as unhealthy lifestyle habits, can be change. Other risk factors, such as age, family history and genetics, race and ethnicity, and sex, cannot be changed. Most people with high blood pressure are “salt sensitive,” meaning that anything more than the minimal bodily need for salt is too much for them and increases their blood pressure.


The first (systolic) number represents the pressure in blood vessels when the heart contracts or beats. The second (diastolic) number represents the pressure in the vessels when the heart rests between beats. Shows that males are more likely to experience high blood pressure before middle age than females. Then, around the time of menopause, the reverse becomes true. However, health experts disagree on whether this is due to menopause.

Treatment and Medication Options for High Blood Pressure

Everyone with high blood pressure is advise to make healthy lifestyle change.

Whether medicine is also recommend depends on your blood pressure reading and your risk of developing problems such as heart attacks or strok.

Your doctor will carry out some and urine tests and ask questions about your health to determine your risk of other problems:

if your BP is consistently above 140/90mmHg (or 135/85mmHg at home), but your risk of other problems is low – you’ll be advised to make some change to your lifestyle.

your is consistently above 140/90mmHg (or 135/85mmHg at home) and your risk of other problems is high – you’ll be offered medicine to lower your , in addition to lifestyle changes

if your blood pressure is consistently above 160/100mmHg, you’ll be offere medicine to lower your and lifestyle change.

Prevention of High Blood Pressure

By living a healthy lifestyle, you can help keep your pressure in a healthy range. Preventing high blood pressure, which is also call hypertension, can lower your risk for heart disease and stroke. More than 1 in 3 adults in the U.S. has high blood pressure or hypertension. Many people don’t know they have it because there are usually no warning signs. High blood pressure can often be prevent or reduce by eating healthily, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, drinking alcohol in moderation, and not smoking.

But lifestyle plays a vital role in treating (HBP) . Controlling  with a healthy lifestyle might prevent, delay or reduce the need for medication. The higher your body mass index (BMI), the greater your odds of developing. When preventing  the idea is to focus on the risk factors you can change. And like the other manageable risk factors for heart disease, it centers on lifestyle.

Editorial Sources and Fact-Checking

Editorial Sources and Fact-Checking

This chapter will focus on editorial fact-checking, one of the layers of quality control you may find at a media outlet. It happens within the editorial team, using staff members or freelancers, and it involves double-checking the facts in a story before it publishes. Fact-checking is a specific application of verification in the world of journalism. In this respect, as Adair notes, verification is a fundamental practice enabling fact-checking. In Canada, libel is define as a published or broadcast statement that is inaccurate and damages someone’s reputation. To sue a journalist for libel, a plaintiff has to demonstrate that the published information damages their reputation; they do not need to prove that it is inaccurate.


(HBP) is a condition where the force of  flowing through the  vessels is consistently too high, leading to health problems such as heart disease, kidney failure, vision loss, and more. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), it pumps low oxygen blood towards the lungs through the venous ‘pipeline’ (veins) and receives a fresh supply of oxygen. Symptoms of high  include severe headaches, chest pain, dizziness, difficulty breathing, Tachythematosus, blurred vision, anxiety, confusion, buzzing in the ears, and normal heart rhythm. To prevent this, one should focus on the risk factors that can be change, such as eating healthily, maintaining a healthy weight, regularly exercising, drinking alcohol in moderation and not smoking, and fact-checking.

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